Interoperability and Cybersecurity in the Smart Grid
Modernization of the electric grid involves the pervasive application of sensors, actuators, communications, computer-based control and management systems on and end-to-end basis, and standards for interoperability of these devices and systems are critical to the system’s operation. Experience has also shown that security aspects must be “baked in” from the start, with systematic management of risks. We will overview progress in NIST’s public/private partnership effort to establish the architecture and interoperability standards for the smart grid, how cybersecurity aspects are being addressed and coordinated, the role of the Smart Grid Interoperability Panel, and opportunities for stakeholder involvement.
George W. Arnold is Director of the Smart Grid and Cyber-Physical Systems Program Office and National Coordinator for Smart Grid Interoperability. Dr. Arnold was appointed National Coordinator for Smart Grid Interoperability at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in April 2009. He is responsible for leading the development of standards underpinning the nation’s Smart Grid. In October 2011, he assumed an additional responsibility as Director of the Smart Grid and Cyber-Physical Systems Program Office in the NIST Engineering Laboratory. Dr. Arnold joined NIST in September 2006 as Deputy Director, Technology Services, after a 33-year career in the telecommunications and information technology industry. He served as Chairman of the Board of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), a private, nonprofit organization that coordinates the U.S. voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system, from 2003 to 2005. He served as President of the IEEE Standards Association in 2007–2008, and during 2006–2009 was Vice President-Policy for the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), whose strategic plan he was responsible for guiding. Dr. Arnold previously served as a Vice-President at Lucent Technologies Bell Laboratories, where he directed the company’s global standards efforts. His organization played a leading role in the development of international standards for Intelligent Networks and IP-based Next Generation Networks. In previous assignments at AT&T Bell Laboratories, he had responsibilities in network planning, systems engineering, and application of information technology to automation of operations and maintenance of the nationwide telecommunications network.
The seminar series is presented by the Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG) Project, an $18 million multi-university research effort whose partner institutions include the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Arizona State University, Dartmouth, and Washington State University. The TCIPG Project, a successor to the earlier NSF-funded TCIP Center, was founded in 2009 with support from the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. It is housed in the Information Trust Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.