2014 TCIPG Industry Workshop - Program
iHotel and Conference Center
1900 South First Street, Champaign, Illinois
November 12-13, 2014
October 26, 2014 Extended: 11/01/14
October 13, 2014 Extended: 10/20/14
In addition to sessions featuring invited presenters and current TCIPG research, our program will include panels of industry experts that will address the following topics:
- Challenges of Cybersecurity Economics in Distribution Systems
- Security of Cloud Computing for the Power Grid
- Case Studies of Cybersecurity in SG Deployments
- Cybersecurity for Smart Buildings and Microgrids
Program and agenda are subject to change.
Challenges of Cybersecurity Economics in Distribution Systems
Moderator: Anna Scaglione, University of California, Davis
- Mark Browning, ComEd
- Jeff Katz, IBM
- Ann McCabe, Illinois Commerce Commission
- Joyce Sanders, Ameren Illinois
Regulatory frameworks such as NERC CIPS provide a requirement to address cybersecurity in bulk power systems, but they do not apply in distribution systems where the cybersecurity “business case” remains a challenge. These systems are typically regulated by a variety of local utility boards and municipal commissions, who may not have a clear understanding of the associated cybersecurity challenges. At the same time, AMI, distributed generation, and distribution automation lead to the situation where most cyber assets in the grid will be on distribution systems. Moreover, many grid-connected cyber assets on distribution systems are not under the administrative control of the utility, and may interface to third party systems such as home energy management at customer premises. This situation leads to cybersecurity exposure with no clear regulatory or business framework to address it.
This panel addresses business-case challenges to implementation of security measures, and tradeoffs between security measures, as considered in a risk-management approach by distribution utilities and the boards and commissions that provide oversight. An important question is how to incentivize progress towards EO 13636.
Security of Cloud Computing for the Power Grid
Moderator: Roy Campbell, University of Illinois
- Jeff Katz, IBM
- Xiaochuan Luo, ISO New England, Inc.
- Jacob Kitchel, ComEd
- David Norton, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Cloud-based approaches have potential to provide economic and flexible resources for many kinds of computing, data storage and data sharing needs in the power grid.
While use of cloud computing is not yet widespread, its use is increasing. When considering security of cloud computing for the power grid, there are many interacting dimensions and forces. For example, expert management of cloud-based platforms by a cloud provider could increase security relative to what a utility can do on its own. However, cloud resources and their interactions are opaque for cloud customers, which may interfere with their ability to assess some aspects of risk.
Panelists will address security considerations that arise in their various cloud applications in the electric utility context, and describe the approaches to security that they are taking.
Case Studies of Cybersecurity in SG Deployments
Moderator: Dave Bakken, Washington State University
- A. David McKinnon, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
- Shimon Modi, Accenture Technology Labs
- Doug Rhoades, Southern California Edison
- Andrew Wright, N-Dimension Solutions
This panel will present highlights of recent projects on the Smart Grid that include a cybersecurity component. It will include case studies of Department of Energy Investment Grants, focusing on what cybersecurity innovation was tried and what best practices have emerged. It will also include pilot deployments such as the Pecan Street project, the Perfect Power project, and other high-visibility efforts to lead this technology in new directions.
Security for Smart Buildings and Microgrids
Moderator: Sean Smith, Dartmouth Collage
- Jonathan Butts, USAF Research Lab (retired)
- Billy Rios, Laconicly LLC
- Fred Terry, on behalf of the SPIDERS Program
- Zach Tudor, SRI International
The Smart Grid has been a primary focus over the past several years; however there are some long-standing pieces of that puzzle where we have not seen much focus. One area is the world of Building Automation Systems (BAS) and its impact on the grid, the occupants, and the general public in the face of attack or compromise.
”Smart Buildings” is a comprehensive topic area. It covers distributed energy resources, renewable integration, a multitude of integrations with various systems (HVAC, elevator control, fire, alarms, emergency response, etc.). These systems are then interfaced with the rest of the grid.
Existing systems have some aspects of security implementation, but the security protections are more inward facing than they are outward facing. While many such systems may have properly implemented security while enabling ease-of-use, they tend to be standalone and are not likely interoperable. Further, these systems provide varying levels of trustworthiness in carrying out their actions, and the nature of that trust (whether it involves resiliency, reliability, or security) becomes an important factor in adoption. This panel will discuss outward facing security implications for smart buildings and microgrids and look at how they impact the grid.