Electrical Centrality Measures for Electric Power Grid Vulnerability Analysis
Centrality measures are used in network science to rank the relative importance of nodes and edges of a graph. Here we define new measures of centrality for power grid structure that are based on its functionality. We show that the relative importance analysis based on centrality in graph theory can be generalized to power grid network with its electrical parameters taken into account. In the paper we experiment with the proposed electrical centrality measures on the NYISO-2935 system and the IEEE 300-bus system. We analyze the centrality distribution in order to identify important nodes or branches in the system which are of essential importance in terms of system vulnerability. We also present and discuss a number of interesting discoveries regarding the importance rank of power grid nodes and branches.
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